Simon Bell

Landscape character and place value as a framework for sustainable recreation planning and management

The concept of landscape character assessment as a tool to inventory, classify and determine development capacity has been around for three decades and came to the fore when the European Landscape Convention came into force. While landscape character is a neutral, value-free concept, nevertheless it can be used as a framework for assessing or ascribing value, sensitivity, pressure and, ultimately, capacity for development – including recreation and tourism. In outdoor recreation planning and design the landscape – the place, such as a forest, lake, coastline – has specific values – intrinsic and extrinsic which makes it attractive to visitors. Without an understanding of the sensitivities and pressures associated with recreation, this valuable place is at risk of degradation. This presentation will outline an approach to resolve this, using experiences of teaching the subject in Estonia and working on the Latvian project “Sustainable Land Resource and Landscape Management: Challenges, Development Scenarios and Proposals”.

Dr. Simon Bell is
Associate Director OPENspace Research Centre
Programme Director for PhD in Landscape Architecture
Past President European Council of Landscape Architecture Schools (2012-2018)

Andreas Muhar

Frameworks of the Human-Nature Relationship and their Relevance for Sustainability Transformation

A plethora of concepts have been introduced into scientific debates to describe and analyse human-nature relationships but also to frame societal processes and policy making: “ecosystem services”, “nature-based solutions”, “blue/green infrastructure”, “bio-economy” etc. This year’s MMV conference mentions the “Green Deal” concept in its subtitle. The talk addresses the relevance of such concepts for tourism and outdoor recreation management and in particular discusses their linkage to different pathways for transformation towards sustainability.

Andreas Muhar is professor of Sustainable Landscape Development, Transdisciplinarity and Knowledge Integration at the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Vienna, Austria. His research focus is on theory and practice of sustainability transformation with a particular focus on tourism, recreation and regional development. He was one of the founders of the MMV conference series, with the first MMV conference organised in Vienna in 2002.

University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, Austria